Robotic Inguinal Hernia Surgery at the time of Robotic Prostatectomy

Source: Journal of Robotic Surgery, Volume 1, Number 4 / February, 2008
Conclusion

Urological surgeons should be encouraged to perform a thorough inguinal exam during preoperative evaluation and intraoperatively to detect subclinical hernias. Inguinal herniorrhaphy done concurrently at the time of RALP is safe, with no added morbidity and should be routinely performed.


This is a paper Dr. Ahlering and I wrote which is a review of our results and techniques of fixing hernias during dvP.
Since conferring with Dr Ahlering on this paper, I have changed my technique to resemble his more.
The main point of the article is that hernias are common and it is beneficial for patients to have them fixed.

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy Study

Source:
Journal of Robotic Surgery, Volume 2, Number 3 / September, 2008

Conclusions
We report a large, multi-institutional series of RPN for renal tumors, confirming safety and feasibility reported in previous small, single-institution studies. Although we report the initial experience in RPN at each center, immediate oncologic results and perioperative outcomes approached those of more mature laparoscopic series. Robotic assistance may facilitate the technical challenges of precise tumor resection and renal reconstruction within acceptable warm ischemia times. Long-term outcomes are needed to establish the role of RPN in nephron-sparing surgery.

This was a large multi-institutional study that I was part of. This was the largest robotic partial nephrectomy study reported.

Best of AUA Orlando 2008 for Prostate Cancer

Source: Urology Times
Robotic Surgery
Presented by Ashutosh K. Tewari, MD,
Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York.


* Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is associated with shorter hospital stay and less bleeding, but the warm ischemia time is still around 30 minutes.

* Studies comparing robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy and open radical cystectomy show similar oncologic outcomes. At a high-volume tertiary care center, the robotic technique was more cost-efficient, but that finding needs to be confirmed at other centers. Other remaining issues regarding the robotic procedure include the need to define how the reconstruction should be performed, the extent of the lymphadenectomy, and ensuring clear margins at lateral areas.

* A study of almost 4,000 patients reaffirms the safety of robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Rates of major surgical, major medical, and minor medical complications were all ≤0.7%, and the rate of minor surgical complications was 3.3%.

* Studies comparing open and RALP show the surgeon is the most important variable in determining outcome.

* Extended lymph node dissection should be performed in high-risk prostate cancer patients, and can be done with RALP.

* A total reconstruction procedure including anterior and posterior restoration of the vesicourethral junction is associated with early return to continence and improvement in overall continence rates.

Some of the highlights from the AUA
Of interest is the growing application of robotic surgery for smaller kidney cancers (partial nephrectomy) and bladder cancer, which I have been performing since 2005 myself.

The other very important adaption is the posterior and anterior reconstruction of the urinary tract during robotic prostatectomy, which I have performing for over a year after attending Dr Tewari’s conference.

New for kidney cancer: robotic surgery

Source: Washington University Website

“Robotic surgery is more efficient and precise than either open or laparoscopic surgery for tumors confined to the kidney,” says Bhayani, assistant professor of surgery and a leader in the field of robotic surgery. “Rather than operate with two hands, I can simultaneously control four robotic instruments with mechanical “wrists” that rotate more than 360 degrees, giving me far greater maneuverability than human hands or laparoscopic instruments.” Bhayani led a team at Washington University to develop the procedure for kidney tumors.


Dr Bhayani is a friend and excellent surgeon. Check out his website for a video clip of the partial nephrectomy. I was recently invited as a guest faculty at his conference (First Annual World Robotic Renal Symposium) and had the privilege of watching him perform 2 live surgeries, a robotic nephrectomy and a robotic partial nephrectomy. Both went very well.

Is Robotic Radical Cystectomy an Appropriate Treatment for Bladder Cancer? Short-Term Oncologic and Clinical Follow-Up in 50 Consecutive Patients

Source: UroToday

Robotic cystectomy was performed in 40 men and 10 women at a mean age of 63.6 years. Of the 50 patients, 66% had Stage pT2 or less, 14% had pT3 disease, and 20% Stage N+ disease. No patient had positive surgical margins.

This abstract is from one of the leading centers for robotic cystectomy. They show relatively low morbidity for a major surgery. I have done about 20 cystectomies robotically and have switched almost all of my major bladder cancer surgery to this approach. I think I am performing the same oncological operation as open, but have seen less blood less and quicker recoveries.

Robotic Renal Symposium

First Annual Worldwide Robotic Renal Symposium
I had the honor of being selected on the faculty for the 1st robotic conference dedicated to kidney surgery. This should be an excellent conference for urologists who are performing robotic surgery for prostate cancer and would like to learn about current techniques for kidney surgery including partial nephrectomy. Transplant surgeons who currently perform laparoscopic donor nephrectomies and would like to learn about robotic surgery are also good candidates.
Location:
Eric P. Newman Education Center
Washington University Medical Center – St. Louis, Missouri
Course Chair:
Sam B. Bhayani, M.D.
Presented By:
The Division of Urologic Surgery
Sponsored By:
Washington University School of Medicine
Continuing Medical Education

Robotic surgery summary- October/November 2007

In October and November I performed 46 robotic surgeries, including 35 dvPs, 4 partial nephrectomies, 2 nephrectomies, 2 radical cystectomies including a bladder replacement in a woman, 1 simple prostatectomy, a stone procedure to remove a large left kidney stone, and a removal of a piece of ureter and re-implant for ureteral cancer.
The most important operation was the anterior exenteration (removal of bladder) and bladder replacement in a female, the first operation to be done completely robotic for me of this type.

One nice trend I have been noticing is a significant improvement in the recovery of urinary control with the reconstruction sutures I have added to the robotic prostatectomy. Most patients are having decent control by 4-6 weeks. I will be looking at the data in more detail in a few months to see how much of an improvement the addition of these sutures has added.

My Robotic nephrectomy on you tube?

As my friends and readers know, in May of 2007 I performed a live right kidney and adrenal gland removal for intuitive surgical. This was telecast to the AUA conference in Anaheim. My hospital helped me edit the video which I did a voice-over for and made into a nice 7 minute piece. I was told it was going on our hospitals website.

I then received an email that it was put on you tube. I am not sure how I feel about this. Exposure is good, but is this the correct forum? I have personally put videos on google video before, but not you tube.

I think the piece is pretty neat and can be viewed below.

I welcome comments about using youtube or other media to promote work. I think surgeons can learn by watching this piece and will find it interesting, but I wonder how it will be perceived.
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Robotic failure during surgery

Robot failure during radical prostatectomies is ‘extremely rare’ – Failure rates will continue to shrink as technology advances – UrologyTimes

The study team recorded critical failures in 20 cases (0.3%) leading to the cancellation of 10 procedures and conversion to laparoscopic in one case and to open procedure in nine cases. Recoverable failures were more frequent, occurring in 124 instances (1.9%). The most common malfunctions or failures occurred in the optical system and in the surgical arms. Failure of the master system or power system was less common.


Dr. Patel did not ask me to be in this studay, but my experience is simlar. I have 2 failures during my robotic surgery cases. 1 was during a kidney removal operation and we converted to laparoscopy.

The other was during a prostate removal when we brough in one of the other 2 robots. Thats 2 in almost 500 operations.

We also had 1 cancellation, 1 delayed start, and 2 other cases that were done with only 3 arms.

I would call that 2 major problems and 4 minor problems.

1 2 3 4

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